Romania, Republic of
Dragoş-Marian POPESCU MD PhD
Str. Institutul Medico-Militar Nr. 3-5.
Basic Task of the Medical Service
The Military Medical Service provides medical assistance and preventive medicine, trains health care providers and develops medical research programmes, with the primary goal of having healthy service personnel that can accomplish operational duties. Also, their families and the civilian population receive healthcare through the military medical facilities:
Primary medical assistance;
Specialty ambulatory medical assistance;
Dental medical assistance;
The Medical Directorate is the central specialized structure that elaborates the unitary concept for organizing, endowing and functioning of the medical and veterinary assistance in the Armed Forces, in peace time, in crisis and war time, continuously improving and modernizing the military medical system.
Cooperation is a core value and the Medical Directorate provides support for military commanding structures communicating with Ministry of Health, Ministry of Internal Affairs, healthcare insurance institutions and other healthcare structures.
Military medical expertise is an integrated and multidisciplinary activity consisting of selection of candidates for the military carrier and health status evaluation of MoND personnel.
The medical assistance is provided through primary care physicians at the unit level. Specialty care is available through ambulatory facilities, 11 emergency military hospitals and the National Institute of Aeronautic and Space Medicine “Gen.Dr.Av. Victor Atanasiu”.
Medical recovery assistance aims to reinforce the state of health of the military and civilian personnel provided by the MoND specialized medical units.
Provision of pharmaceutical supply and medical logistic support for medical operational structures with medicines, sanitary-pharmaceutical materials and medical devices is made by the Medical Directorate through specialized structures (Zonal Pharmaceutical Centres) according to the national laws, being entirely financed by the state budget.
Public health activities (sanitary and sanitary-veterinary inspections) are coordinated by the Preventive Medicine Centre Bucharest.
Medico-Military Scientific Research Centre develops medical countermeasures against CBRN threats and aims to increase the protection and performance of personnel exposed to physical and psychological stress.
The Institute for Military Medicine is the higher-education institution specialized in training medical students for becoming medical officers in Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Internal Affaires and Ministry of Justice. Training for health care providers at university and post
university level is provided through partnerships with civilian medical universities.
Operational medical assistance represents all the medical assistance activities, soldiers’ medical evacuation and medical logistic support, according to the operational needs, during force generation, deployment and regeneration.
Medical Directorate is also coordinating the participation of medical personnel from Ministry of National Defence in national and multinational medical exercises such as Saber Guardian 2017, Vigorous Warrior 17 etc.
SG17 Exercise included the 30th Medical Brigade USA, as well as three NATO Role 2 hospitals (212 Operational Hospital-USA, a Romanian Role 2 Medical Facility and a Balkan Medical Facility) deployed at MK, Romania.
Romania has participated in the multinational medical exercise Vigorous Warrior 17 (VW17) organized by The NATO Centre of Excellence MILMED COE in Lehnin, Germany, 4-22 September 2017, with about 100 military personnel.